Classifying Palestine

As a follow up to my post on the H 980 memo in the Subject Headings Manual dealing with Palestine as a subject heading — here is a post on the treatment of Palestine in Library of Congress Classification.


There are three things to discuss when talking about classifying for a geographic region in LCC, I’ll mention them in the broad and then return to each in the specific case of Palestine.

  • G 300
  • Those sections explicitly given in the schedule
  • Treatment of the geographic region as primary

G 300

The G 300 memo in the Classification and Shelflisting Manual provides an alphabetical listing of “all 193 independent countries as of 2005, 26 major dependencies and areas of special sovereignty, some historical jurisdictions or entities, and some islands”

It is to be consulted and applied whenever the classification schedule allows cuttering, “by region or country A-Z” without further instruction.

Example: HD4824.5.A-Z is given for

Industries. Land use. Labor—Labor. Work. Working class—Study and teaching. Research—By region or country, A-Z

There are no further instructions, and so you’d check G 300 to find the country or region you need and use the cutter found there.


Explicit sections in the schedules

Sometimes a topic is treated with greater complexity than, dividing “by region or country A-Z”.

Example: BR500-1510 is given for

Christianity—History—By region or country

But notice that range — BR500 to 1500. There’s a lot more going on there than a simply cutter list of ~250 regions. Cases like this override the G300 memo and you follow exactly what’s in the schedule.


The country as topic

In the D-F classes, you’ll find the history of the whole dang world. For the most part this means a certain range given over to a country and its government, history, people, etc.

Example: DR401-741.22 is given for all things Turkey


We now return to Palestine in the specific:

in the G300 memo:

Jerusalem is .J4

Palestine is .P19

Remember my previous post, for LCs purposes – ‘Palestine’ refers to the entire region of the modern State of Palestine and Israel, so .P19 would not be a good cutter for a resource about a topic in the West Bank or the Gaza Strip.

Though neither has a cutter, and their absences are noted — it doesn’t mean you can’t cutter by them. In fact, LC does this on a regular basis. See the following works in their catalog:
ʻUdwān, Yūsuf. — عدوان، يوسف. al-Jamʻīyāt al-taʻāwunīyah al-zirāʻīyah fī al-arāḍī al-Filasṭīnīyah : al-wāqiʻ wa-subul al-taṭwīr / Yūsuf ʻUdwān, Sārah Nawfal. — الجمعيات التعاونية الزراعية في الأراضي الفلسطينية : الواقع وسبل التطوير / يوسف عدوان، سارة نوفل. al-Quds : Maʻhad Abḥāth al-Siyāsāt al-Iqtiṣādīyah al-Filasṭīnī, Mās, 2010. — القدس : معهد أبحاث السياسات الإقتصادية الفلسطيني، ماس، 2010.
ix, 75, 5 p. ; 24 cm.
HD1486.W47 U38 2010
Salman, Hind Kattan. Women in business : the case of Palestinian women in the West Bank and Gaza Strip / Hind Kattan Salman. Bethlehem, West Bank : The International Center of Bethlemem, Department for Women’s Studies, c1996.
86 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
HD6054.4.W47 S25 1996
Breaking the silence : testimonial booklet #1. [Jerusalem : S.n, 2004?]
46 p. ; 21 cm.
JC599.W47 B74 2004
Analysis of waste management policies in Palestine : domestic solid waste and wastewater / executing agency Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ). Bethlehem : Applied Research Institute, ARIJ, 2005.
xiv, 182 p. : ill. (some col.), col. maps ; 24 cm.
HD4485.W47 A43 2005

These are all sections of the schedule instructing to cutter ‘by region or country A-Z’ and LC predominantly uses .W47 for the West Bank. I encourage you to use it as well.

What about Gaza Strip you ask?

Harder to find. Because the West Bank is so much bigger, it absorbs most of the cuttering if the resource deals with both… I did find this one though!
Hamas exploitation of civilians as human shields. [Israel] : Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Israel Intelligence Heritage & Commemoration Center (IICC), 2009.
81 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm.
HV6432.43 .G39 H36 2009

So to sum up — while there are no cutters listed in G 300 for West Bank and the Gaza Strip, you may still cutter directly to them in a “by region or country A-Z” instruction, just as LC has done.


Interestingly — both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank are given treatment throughout our second set, the sections given explicitly  in the schedules.

Statistics—Statistical data—By region or country—Asia—Middle East. Near East

HA4560.5     West Bank
HA4560.7      Gaza Strip

History of education—By region or country—Middle East (Near East). The Levant

LA1444.5   West Bank
LA1444.6   Gaza Strip

Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering—Sewage collection and disposal systems. Sewerage—Country and city subdivisions—Asia—Other divisions of Asia, A-Z

TD613.G39       Gaza Strip
TD613.W48      West Bank

So as you can see — both are given treatment in the explicit sections, which is good! Furthermore, the delineation is made very clear between these regions and Israel by having Israel be an entirely separate number. In the preceding three examples Israel is found at:

  • HA4560
  • LA1440-1444
  • TD613.I75


The final classification type is the worst in its treatment of Palestine.

As you’ve seen in some previous posts — I have a beef with the DS101-151 section as a whole. Unfortunately, this is where Gaza Strip and the West Bank end up.

History of Asia—Israel (Palestine). The Jews—Regions, towns, etc., A-Z

DS110.G3         Gaza Strip
DS110.W47      West Bank

Now I know that it says right there in the main heading for DS101-151: Israel (Palestine), but as we’ve discussed, Palestine means the entire region — and the Gaza Strip and West Bank are certainly in that region, but the rest of the DS101-151 section details the history and government and foreign relations and wars of Israel, saying nothing about the State of Palestine or its government, history, foreign relations and wars (except as regards to Israel).

My solution, or at the very least, my suggestion for this problem would be to establish a call number range specifically for Palestine as a nation-state which is not contained within DS101-151.

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